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From 2016, VADM Norman quoted:
2018 from gov't:
Whenever, if ever.
Government will have to decide whether to invest into submarines or cut ships adrift: Navy commander
The Royal Canadian Navy’s four submarines have been plagued by problems since they were acquired from Britain in the 1990s
The outgoing head of the navy says the government will have to decide soon whether to invest more money into Canada’s submarines so they can continue operating past the mid-2020s — or cut the ships adrift.
The Royal Canadian Navy’s four submarines have been plagued by problems since they were acquired from Britain in the 1990s. The most recent incident came last week when the HMCS Windsor broke down en route to a training exercise in Norway.
Vice-Admiral Mark Norman, however, said the Windsor is now back up to full speed after the “hiccup.” In addition, he said, two of the other three subs will be completely operational and contributing to Canada’s power at sea in the next two years. All four vessels should then be good until the early to mid-2020s.
“I feel very optimistic about this,” Norman said in an interview. “We need the conversation in Canada to shift from the trials and tribulations of the Victoria class to why submarines are essential a nation like Canada given our strategic context.”
The navy, however, is waiting to hear whether the government wants to extend the submarines’ lives so they can operate until the 2030s. A decision needs to be made “in the next year or two,” Norman said, so the necessary funds — which previous reports have put between $1.5 billion and $3 billion — can be set aside.
“The decision is tied to the fact that if we want to plan for another cycle, we have to get that into the investment plan, and that has to be programmed,” he said. “So we need some sort of indication that we’re going to continue to operate the submarines.”
Norman made the comments to the Citizen about a week before he was due to turn over command of the navy after three years. He will become the vice chief of defence staff, the Canadian Armed Forces’ second-highest ranked officer, this week...
In Canadian Defence Review, August 2017 Issue 4, in an interview Vice Admiral Ron Lloyd Commander RCN responded to a question about the Defence Policy Review and submarines as follows:
The new Defence Policy clearly notes that submarines are a vital capability for the defence of Canada and the protection of naval assets in deployed operations. The best asset to track a submarine is, without doubt, another submarine. The Victoria Class provide Canada with this extremely valuable capability.
Just as we have successfully completed the Halifax Class Modernization program, we aim to conduct a similar type modernization in the Victoria Class that will ensure the boats remain relevant in an ever-changing and rapidly evolving security environment.
Thus it can been seen that the current government commitment to “Operate and modernize the four Victoria-class submarines” will not only maintain the submarine capability but also upgrade further its survivability and technical capability for the years to come. Equally important the current in-service support partnership with defence industry will need to develop even further to maximize its potential and keep that Canadian strategic industrial capability alive. When it comes time to consider replacing the Victoria-class then the question of how – for example, build as part of NSS or otherwise -- can be answered...
2018 from gov't:
Victoria-class Modernization (VCM)
Strong, Secure, Engaged
This program will provide vital modernization to the Victoria-class Submarines (VCS), through a program-based approach, across a number of capability areas to meet future challenges. Overall, the project outcomes will:
Position the Victoria-class to contribute meaningfully to CAF Joint Operations ashore;
Ensure the survivability of the Victoria-class against an evolving threat in an increasingly complex and changing battlespace; and
Improve the habitability and deployment conditions onboard the Victoria-class in support of RCN submariners.
The Victoria-class Modernization (VCM) Program is the introduction of the necessary platform and combat system capabilities to achieve the required submarine operational capability through the mid-2030s. The VCM Program will address the critical capability gaps in Canada’s submarines that will emerge and reduce their utility over their remaining years of operation. It will deliver capability through targeted investments, consisting of capability upgrades and insertions, already identified as a priority for Canada.\
$1 billion to 4.99 billion
Anticipated Timeline (Fiscal Year)
2018 Start Options Analysis
2020 to 2021 Start Definition
2023 to 2024 Start Implementation
2025 to 2026 Initial Delivery
Beyond 2035 Final Delivery
Whenever, if ever.