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It's a dreadful thing.See also
Strong correlation between indigenous population and homicide rates.
Some time ago I looked into OIS incidents in Quebec over the last couple decades, and a very large proportion involved Amerindians.
If it were easy to do that, it would've been done already, at least in the Maritimes. That area was supposed to have joined as a single province with ON and QC to form Canada, but PEI got cold feet at the last moment. That forced NB and NS to join separately, setting things up for what we have now. Easier to split up than convince people to form a bigger unit as they will feel that they would have less of a voice in a larger entity.
As an idea, nothing wrong with uniting the West and Maritimes into super provinces, but would never get the politicians to agree.
It would be a challenge, certainly. Those politicians would need some guarantees, and so would the absorbed polities.
I agree with your assessment that the francophone Acadians present one of the tougher obstacles. Perhaps create their equivalent to article 40 of the constitution, or some framework in the spirit of: "40 Where an amendment is made under subsection 38(1) that transfers provincial legislative powers relating to education or other cultural matters from provincial legislatures to Parliament, Canada shall provide reasonable compensation to any province to which the amendment does not apply."
Or, although probably much less palatable, split the territory along linguistic lines between Quebec and the newly constituted province.